How Has the Equipment of Football Changed?


Throughout the years, the equipment used by football players has undergone several changes. In the early 1960s, shoulder pads began to be manufactured from plastic materials, and in the 1970s, shoulder pads were extended to protect the upper chest, ribs, and torso. Sign up for Strobe Sport. During this time, artificial turf and shin pads began to be used, and players began to wear helmets and facemasks.


Face masks are part of gridiron football helmets, covering the players' faces. These face masks are typically made of rubber or plastic. They protect players' faces and help them focus on the game. The masks help prevent players' heads from getting smashed during contact plays. There are three types of face masks: plastic, rubber, and metal.

ROPO and EGOP styles are both designed to protect the face. ROPO and EGOP facemasks protect the quarterback and receiver, while ROPO and 2BD models protect the running back. But the running back is the one who gets hit the most during a game, so they need extra protection around the eyes.

Facemasks come in many different colors, and some are specifically made for a certain position. For example, quarterbacks have a facemask that features fewer bars, which improves visibility. Offensive linemen, on the other hand, have a mask with more bars for protection.

Shoulder pads

Shoulder pads have evolved significantly in the past decade. They're now lighter than ever, and have become more flexible and durable. They also provide better protection and are less likely to become waterlogged with sweat. Shoulder pads have also been customized to fit different players. Players who used to wear large shoulder pads, like defensive ends, now wear smaller versions of the same pads that linebackers and receivers wear.

In the past, players who wanted custom pads had to drive to Connecticut to pick up the foam and have it shaped and shipped. These days, players can drop by a factory in East Hanover, N.J., two miles from the Jets' headquarters, to get a custom set of pads. Unlike traditional shoulder pads, these pads are less dense, allowing them to spring back into shape when they are hit by an impact.

The NFL allows players to select their own shoulder pads, but players will still consult with trainers and equipment managers to make sure they get the right fit. Some players will choose a specific brand, such as XTECH. XTECH has been producing football shoulder pads for six years, and is a popular choice for players. Its products are now used by players like Khalil Mack, the 2017 Defensive Player of the Year.


The NFL is doing its best to protect its players by changing the way helmets are made. The new one-helmet rule was introduced in 2013 to increase player safety. The league argued that older, worn-in helmets were less likely to cause a head injury than new ones. The idea was led by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, whose owner Joel Glazer has been pushing for the change for two years.

Early football helmets were made of hard plastic shells. This wasn't sufficient to protect the players' heads, so engineers added extra padding and air bladders. The air pockets also increased the level of protection and made the helmets lighter and more durable. Then, in 1977, helmets were made from stainless steel.

This gave them a meaner appearance and a stronger structure. Players like Walter Payton were able to use the helmet to deliver a decisive blow to the ball. As a result, helmets had become an essential part of the game.

The football equipment has come a long way since its introduction. The first helmets didn't have face masks and were flat on top. Players were able to hear better without a face mask, but they were still not entirely protective.

Artificial turf

The advent of artificial turf in football has changed the game and the equipment of players. Developed in the 1960s, synthetic turf has been a popular addition to football fields. It was first used in the Houston Astrodome, which became the nation's first indoor stadium. Since then, several manufacturers have entered the market. Although synthetic turf is more durable than natural grass, it has been linked to more injuries.

As a result, teams are playing on a level that makes it difficult to distinguish themselves from one another. This is because the surface affects how the ball bounces, touches the ball, and passes. This makes the game even more difficult. In addition, it makes a player's touch harder to judge than on natural grass.

The artificial turf also provides a consistent bounce. This allows players to judge the trajectory of the ball, which allows them to make plays when they need to. Another benefit of artificial turf is its durability, as it is not susceptible to divots or ruts. Moreover, it is resistant to rain, which means players will not get stuck in mud. The new surface is durable enough to withstand playing conditions in any weather.